Jaleb Chowk

Het mag natuurlijk niet meer.
Sommigen zullen deze foto’s dan misschien ook niet
op hun weblog presenteren.
Maar het zag er fantastisch uit en…….
…….wij hebben er geen ritje mee gemaakt.

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Een groep versierde olifanten met op hun rug toeristen komen het complex van Amber Fort binnen op een plein met de naam Jaleb Chowk.


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Jaleb Chowk

Derived from the Arabic in which it means a gathering place for soldiers parade square.
Jaleb Chowk is one of the four courtyards in the Amber Palace and was constructed on the orders of Sawai Jai Singh (1699 – 1743 AD).
The Raja’s personal body-guard paraded in Jaleb Chowk under the command of the Fauj Bakshi or Army commander.
It was here that the contingent was also inspected and reviewed by the Raja.
The ground floor of the buildings at the sides of the Chowk housed stables and the upper floor the contingent of personal guards or jalebdars.

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De olifanten zijn heel mooi versierd.


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Ook de nagels gelakt.


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Natuurlijk met mobiele telefoon.


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Jaipur

Steeds een stukje verder het paleis in Fort Amber in.
Alleen deze keer besloot ik toch eerst even een stukje
terug te lopen. Als we dan later weer verder lopen
zie ik iets dat ik fantastisch mooi vind.

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De muren van Sukh Mandir of Diwan-I-Khas zijn prachtig. Daar wil ik nog even bij stil staan.


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Met glas, spiegel, marmer en pleisterwerk. Dat zal bij kaars- of toortslicht er spectaculair uitzien.


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Het centrale paneel van de vorige foto.


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Die decoraties zie je niet alleen op de muren en plafonds van de verandah maar ook bij de toiletten.


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De marmeren bloempartijen verschillen allemaal van elkaar. Zag je in mijn vorige bericht de marmeren vlinder tussen de bloemen?


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Latrines

Latrines, as designed and used till within our living memory, are to be found in different parts of the palace.
Those situated between the Sheesh Mahal (Mirror Palace) and Man Singh Palace were probably used by the ruler and the royal family.
They were supplied with both hot and cold water.
Lit torches provided light at night.
The palace has about a hundred such latrines.


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Het fort is heel indrukwekkend.


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Als we over een galerij lopen zie ik aan de overkant deze afbeeldingen tegen de muur. Deze maken een diepe indruk. Vooral de onderste laag met met schijnbaar eenvoudige florale motieven in heel genuanceerde, onopvallende kleuren.

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Ik vond ze schitterend!


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Geen idee wat al die bouwwerken in de omgeving zijn. Of dit allemaal bij Fort Ajmer (Amber) hoort weet ik niet. Er is een fort in de buurt met de naam Taragarh Fort. Maar of dat is wat we hier boven op de heuvel zien weet ik niet.


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Sheesh Mahal of Glazen paleis

Na een aantal prachtige poorten, betreden we dan nu het privé
deel van het paleis in Fort Amber in Jaipur.

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Sukh Mandir (Diwan-I-Khas)

The Royal Families were living during the mid-day of summer season in Sukh-Mandir.
This consists of a large oblong chamber with two side rooms and a verandah in front overlooking the garden.
The walls of the chamber are beautifully embossed in plaster in Mughal pattern.
The back wall of the main chamber has a beautiful marble cascade formed by a perforated marble screen which is connected with a stripped channel.
The cascade was once provided with running water from the tank built on the roof of the building and with the breeze passing through the perforations served as a cooling device during summer.
Rooms are having two sandal wood doors adorned with ivory inlay works.


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Versieringen in pleisterwerk.


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Diwan-I-khas

On of the attractions of the Amber Palace is the Diwan-I-khas or the Hall of Private Audience.
Constructed during the period of Mirza Raja Jai Singh (1621 – 1667 AD), it was for this reason also called Jai Mandir and because of the beautiful mirror glass work in it, Sheesh Mahal or the Glass Palace.
The Raja met his special guests, like envoys from other rulers, here.
The upper part of the Diwan-I-Khas is known as Jas Mandir and is spell-binding in the intricate floral designs with glass in them.
The hamams or the baths are located north of the Jas Mandir.
The palace was kept cool in the summer by covering its arched openings with screens woven with the roots of the aromatic grass called Khas.
The screens were moistened periodically with water.
Air passing through the screens was thus cooled, and carried also the fragrance of the grass into the palace-chambers.
In front of the Sheesh Mahal is a parterred little garden in the classic Mughal pattern called Char-Bagh or four gardens.
Facing the Sheesh Mahal is Sukh-Niwas (Pleasure Palace), the Raja’s private apartments where he retired to rest.


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In dit privé-deel van het paleis was het erg druk. Dat staat haaks op hoe stil je wordt als je na al die jaren nog eens naar de foto’s kijkt om ze voor deze blog voor te bereiden.


Volgende keer het vervolg.
Ik liep eerst nog even een stukje terug.

Diwan-I-Aam en Ganesh Pol

Het fort staat bekend als Fort Amber of Ajmer Fort.
Het is een van de forten die op een heuvel staan en die
samen deel uitmaken van de World Heritage List van UNESCO.

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Dit is de toegang tot het paleis. Dit is een fort en paleis dat door veel toeristen bezocht wordt. Dat heeft denk ik vooral te maken met de toegankelijke ligging. Maar een paar kilometer buiten Jaipur, een grote stad in India met vliegveld.


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Snel volgt er nog een poort: Singh Pol of leeuwenpoort.


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Singh Pol (Lion Gate)

Singh Pol is the gateway to the palace proper.
The lion symbolizes strength.
Hence, often, the premier gate to a palace was called by this name.
It was built on the orders of Sawai Jai Singh (1599 – 1743 AD).
Singh Pol has frescoes on its outer surface.
The passageway through it does not lead in a straight line into the palace for reasons of security, perhaps the defenders on top of this structure would find it easier to attack the rear of an intruding force.
Sentinels were posted on guard-duty over the gate.

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Over de heuvels in de omgeving lopen muren. De oppervlakte van het fort is dus groot. Het geeft de indruk dat er meerdere forten op de heuveltoppen liggen.


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Dit is de achterkant van Singh Pol.


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Dit is de Diwan-I-Aam, de publieke audientieruimte.


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Wederom zien we olifanten als kapiteel op de kolommen.


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Diwan-I-Aam (Hall of Public Audience)

Patterned after similar halls in Mughal palaces, the Diwan-I-Aam was the court where the Raja gave audiences to his subjects and met his officials.
Festivities on certain special occasions, like the celebrations following a victory in battle, Dussehra, the birthday of the Raja, were held here.
The building was constructed on the orders of Mirza Rajaman Singh (1589 – 1614 AD) in red sand stone and marble masonry.
Beautifully ornamented in carved patterns of elephant heads and vines, the details are charming confluence of the decorative features found in the Mughal and Rajput styles of architecture.
The distinctively constructed roof is supported by two rows of columns.
The outer ones, in coupled pairs, are of red sand stone and the inner ones of cream marble.

Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh II (1835 – 1880 AD) converted the rear portion of the hall into a billiard room.

South of Diwan-I-Aam are 27 “Kachehris” or offices (Toshakhana) running in a series.
These colonnaded arches housed the Government Secretariat from where the administration of Amber State was carried out.

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De volgende poort is de Ganesh Pol.


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Ganesh Pol

Ganesh Pol or the Ganesh Gate, provides access to the inner ans private parts of the palace.
Covered with frescoes, it was constructed on the orders of Mirza Raja Jai Singh (1621 – 1667 AD).

Lord Ganesh is the deity who, it is believed, removes obstructions likely to come in the way of huming beings in their every-day life.
His likeness is therefore traditionally painted or placed over the main entry into a building.

Suhag Mandir is situated over the Ganesh Pol.
It was used as a chamber by the royal ladies to witness, through lattice screens, the state functions held below in the Diwan-I-Aam.

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Zo ga je de poort binnen.


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We zijn nog niet eens echt binnen en je wordt overweldigd door de pracht en praal.


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Dit is de centrale afbeelding van Ganesh op de poort.


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In het volgende bericht over deze reis naar India
gaan we de privé-vertrekken bekijken.