Drie zeer bijzondere voorwerpen uit Copán (Maya)

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Om een idee te geven van de informatieverstrekking, het Engelstalige deel van een informatiebordje bij Stela A in het Museo de la Escultura de Copán.


Stela A, Great plaza

 

Perhaps the most popular stela in Copán, the elegant carving of stela A is one of the best examples of the beautiful sculptural style for which Copán is understandably famous.
Dedicated on 9.15.0.3.0.12 Ajaw 13 Mac or AD 731, it portrays the 13th ruler Waxaklajun Ub’aah K’awiil carrying a two-headed serpent bar that is symbolically giving birth to sun deities.

 

In his headdress is a woven mat design with four serpents in its corners.
This design is like the solar disk.
It represents Waxaklajun Ub’aah K’awiil’s central position in relation to the sun and the four directions.
Small figures that crouch at the feet and in the headdress of the ruler seem to represent the sub at different stages of its daily and yearly cycles.

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Stela A met een afbeelding van Waxaklajun Ub’aah K’awiil, de 13e heerser over Copán.


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Cama Zotz (Killer Bat of dodelijke vleermuis).


Shown emerging from the four-lobed symbol, which represents the door to the Underworld, is the dreaded Cama Zotz.
This bat is associated with the Underworld, death, and sacrice.
There is a death sign shown on his chest.

 

The bat sculpture was found in the 1930’s, fallen from structure 20 on the east edge of the Acropolis.

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Het originele voorwerp, gevangen in een soort badkuip van cement. Vloermarkeerpunt Motmot.


Van dit belangrijke voorwerp is een replica gemaakt.
Daar laat ik hier een en ander van zien waardoor
hopelijk we het origineel een klein beetje beter begrijpen.

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Replica gemaakt door Jacinto A. Ramirez.


This disc was carved into a limestone boulder.
It served as the tombstone for a circular crypt found in 1993.
It is associated with an earlier temple nicknamed “Motmot” beneath the hieroglyphic Stairway.
Cemented into the stuco floor, it has been referred to as the cornerstone for the ancient city of Copán.
It gas the earliest hieroglyphic inscription known from the site, commemorating the important 9.0.0.0.0 period ending and the final closing of the tomb beneath.

 

Two seated rulers occupy opposite halves of the four-lobed outline, which symbolizes the open door to the underworld.
The ruler on the left is identified by the name glyph and the headdress as the first ruler in the dynasty, K’inich Yax K’uk’ Mo’.
The ruler on the right is the first ruler’s child, the second dynastic succession.

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K’inich Yax K’uk’ Mo’, de eerste heerser van Copán.


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Voorbeeld van de Maya hierogliefen in Copán.